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Dry blisters that appear on the skin or mucosa of the genital area due to the HPV virus are white and gray in color and are called genital warts. The equivalent of genital warts in medical terminology is condyloma. Genital warts are a disease that is very common in society and is transmitted mostly sexually and rarely by non-sexual means. There are 40 different types of HPV virus that cause genital warts. Genital warts infect 6 million people a year in the United States and remain a serious public health problem.


Genital warts usually appear three to four months after the HPV virus enters the body. The incubation period of the HPV virus ranges from 2 weeks to 2 years. After the HPV virus has passed its incubation period, the first symptom is warts that appear around the vagina in women and on the penis and its surroundings in men.

Since HPV is transmitted through traumatized skin, genital warts tend to be found in areas that are more exposed to friction, especially during intercourse. This area is the area between the vagina entrance and the anus in women, and the penis head, foreskin and penis root in men.

Genital warts can also appear on mucosal surfaces (such as the vagina and its surroundings, the inside of the urinary tract of the penis), as warts shaped like glove fingers and in a similar color to the surrounding tissue. In some cases, warts may develop slowly in the form of ulcerative and cauliflower-looking lesions and spread to the surrounding tissue.

Genital warts are generally painless, itchy, and bleed if plucked or cut with a razor. It may tend to proliferate and sometimes remain the same size for years. Another clinical appearance of HPV in the genital area is papillomas. They can be white or red due to the effect of the color pigments in the area. These slow-growing lesions are usually dark in color and can sometimes be stalked.

The course of genital warts varies depending on the individual’s immune response and the type of virus. While high-risk HPV types can cause flat genital warts, HPV infection may also develop without genital warts. Here, the HPV virus can remain hidden by settling in the cervical cells and cause cervical cancer (cervical cancer) over many years.

Genital warts can occasionally be confused with molluscum contagiosum. It can be easily determined whether the lesion is a genital wart or not with the HPV DNA test.

Once the diagnosis of genital warts is made, the treatment phase should be started without wasting any time. There are many methods available for genital wart treatment. The common characteristic of the methods is to destroy the wart. Adequately destroying the wart and also the basement membrane should be our first priority. While the damage is being done, it should also be ensured that the skin heals without leaving any scars and the patient should not feel much pain. The treatment option that satisfies all these conditions is laser. Genital wart treatment with fractional carbon dioxide laser is the most effective treatment option with proven effectiveness and low probability of pain, recurrence and scarring.

Laser HPV treatment and genital wart burning operations are performed in our HPV Treatment Center located in Silivri.